The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Educators’ choice of teaching method depends on what fits for them — their educational philosophy, beneficiaries and subject areas. Teaching theories can be divided in four categories based on two major parameters: a teacher-led/centered approach versus a student-led/centered approach, and high-tech material use versus low-tech material use.
A teacher-led class is designed for the teacher to be the centre of attention to deliver a presentation or lecture to the students. As the teacher will usually need a board, interactive whiteboard, or projector, the students will face the teacher for the lesson. In this method, the students take direction from the teacher, and follow a syllabus that all students have to conform to pass. Though the method is teacher-led, it does allow some interaction with the students, but it differs from a student-led approach both in the methodology, atmosphere, and the layout of the classroom.
Student-led learning has a different focus that allows for more learner autonomy. Students are not left entirely to their own devices. Instead, they are guided in being independent learners, able to track their development and achieve their own goals. As the approach is different, so is the set up of the classroom. It is not just the arrangement of the class that is different, but the atmosphere too. If you walk into a SL class, you might find it noisier and more dynamic than a TL class. The hope for every teacher is that the students enjoy themselves and are motivated to engage with the material and each other. What this could entail is that the students themselves lead discussions and research areas that are relevant for their own development.
Benefits of a Teacher-Centered Classroom
Drawbacks of a Teacher-Centered Classroom
Benefits of a Student-Centered Classroom
Drawbacks of a Student-Centered Classroom
High Tech Approach to Learning
Advancements in technology have propelled the education sector in the last few decades. As the name suggests, the high tech approach to learning utilizes different technology to aid students in their classroom learning. Many educators use computers and tablets in the classroom, and others may use the internet to assign homework. The internet is also beneficial in a classroom setting as it provides unlimited resources. Teachers may also use the internet in order to connect their students with people from around the world.
Some tech tools used:
G Suite (Gmail, Docs, Drive, and Calendar)
Gamification software (such as 3DGameLab and Classcraft)
Education-focused social media platforms
Low Tech Approach to Learning
While technology undoubtedly has changed education, many educators opt to use a more traditional, low tech approach to learning. Some learning styles require a physical presence and interaction between the educator and the student. Additionally, some research has shown that low-tech classrooms may boost learning. For example, students who take handwritten notes have better recall than students who take typed notes. Tailoring the learning experience to different types of learners is incredibly important, and sometimes students work better with a low-tech approach.
Here are some examples of low technology usage in different teaching methodologies:
Kinesthetic learners have a need for movement when learning. Teachers should allow students to move around, speak with hands and gestures.
Expeditionary learning involves “learning by doing” and participating in a hands-on experience.
As an adult educator you should reflect on:
Which teaching methods could have the greatest impact on the learners I usually teach? Write them down the ones you consider the most relevant and then discuss them with your colleagues.
This topic was an introduction to the existing teaching methods. Because instruction takes place in many formats, environments, and class sizes, there is no single most effective teaching method for all contexts. However, research does support a practical range of methods that can be adapted to the various circumstances in which we teach. The best strategy could be found only subsequently to a careful analysis that takes In consideration learners’ age and needs, environment, topic, and final aim of the class.